GIFFORD, a village, in the parish of Yester, county of Haddington, 4 miles (S. by E.) from Haddington; containing 525 inhabitants. This village, which is beautifully situated on the east bank of the Gifford water, and in the picturesque vale of Yester, is built chiefly on lands leased from the Marquess of Tweeddale, and held by tenure of certain feudal services. In consequence of agreeing to render these services, the inhabitants were exempted by the marquess from various taxes and imposts, and were endowed with a grant of common land, comprising sixty acres, valued at £100 per annum, and the produce of part of which, now under cultivation, is applied to the improvement of the place. The marquess, as lord of the manor, formerly appointed a baronbailie, and held a Birla or Boorlaw court, to which was attached an officer called a constable, who long retained his office: this court, which was discontinued only within the last fifty years, exercised jurisdiction in petty misdemeanors, and had a prison and stocks for the confinement and punishment of offenders. The village consists principally of two streets of regularly-built and handsome houses, one of which extends in a line with the avenue leading to Yester House, the property of the marquess, and terminates with the parochial school-house, a handsome building surmounted with a small cupola: at the extremity of the other street is the parish church. The inhabitants are employed chiefly in the various trades requisite for the supply of the vicinity, and partly in the cultivation of the adjacent lands. The weaving of linen was formerly carried on to some extent, affording occupation to more than twenty persons at their own houses; but since the introduction of improved machinery, it has greatly diminished, and not above three or four persons are little more than half engaged in that pursuit. A penny post-office has been established, which has a daily delivery; and the East Lothian Agricultural Society hold an annual meeting here, to award premiums for improvements in husbandry, and for the best pens of sheep. Fairs for the sale of sheep, cattle, and horses, are held on the last Tuesday in March, the third in June, and the first in October, which are numerously attended, and at which seldom less than 4000 sheep, 500 head of cattle, and an equal number of horses, are brought for sale. All the poor used to receive soup three times in the week, from the kitchen of the Marquess of Tweeddale, when the family were residing at Yester House; and they still derive a supply of fuel from his grounds, whence the wood is, in winter, driven home to their doors.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Gifford — may refer to:* Gifford, East Lothian, Scotland *United States ** Gifford, Florida ** Gifford, Illinois ** Gifford, Indiana ** Gifford, Iowa ** Gifford, Pennsylvania ** Gifford, South Carolina ** Gifford School, a special education school in… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifford — ist der Name folgender Personen: Frances Gifford (1920–1994), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Frank Gifford (* 1930), US amerikanischer American Football Spieler und Sportmoderator Gene Gifford (* 1908), US amerikanischer Gitarrist und Arrangeur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gifford — Pueblo de los Estados Unidos Ubicación en el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gifford — Gifford, FL U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 7599 Housing Units (2000): 3595 Land area (2000): 7.048580 sq. miles (18.255738 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.454519 sq. miles (1.177199 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.503099 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gifford, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 7599 Housing Units (2000): 3595 Land area (2000): 7.048580 sq. miles (18.255738 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.454519 sq. miles (1.177199 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.503099 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gifford, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 815 Housing Units (2000): 316 Land area (2000): 0.632666 sq. miles (1.638597 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.632666 sq. miles (1.638597 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gifford, SC — U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 370 Housing Units (2000): 146 Land area (2000): 0.941406 sq. miles (2.438230 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.941406 sq. miles (2.438230 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gifford — (spr. gifförd), 1) William, engl. Dichter und Übersetzer, geb. im April 1756 zu Ashburton in Devonshire, gest. 31. Dez. 1826 in London, war früh verwaist, wurde zuerst Schiffsjunge, dann Schuhmacher, ward aber in seinem 20. Jahre durch Gönner in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gifford — Gifford, Will., geb. 1757 zu Ashburton in Devonshire; war erst Schiffsjunge, dann Schuhmacher u. studirte später auf Kosten mehrerer Gönner in Oxford. Dort wählte ihn der Graf Großvenor zum Begleiter seines Sohns. Seine Anhänglichkeit an das… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gifford — Gifford, Swain, nordamerik. Landschaftsmaler, geb. 23. Dez. 1840, seit 1866 in Neuyork; Gemälde mit heimatlichen Motiven, ital. und nordafrik. Landschaftsbilder …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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